Paper is a thin material produced by using fibers and pulp derived from wood. Paper industries transform reprocessed fiber into pulp and make first form of industrial paper. Consider the history, initially pulp and paper was formed from cotton pieces instead of wood or fiber and at that time processing was mostly conducted by using labor power and later with machines. Manufacturing and processing are two different methods.
Pulp and paper industry is measured to be a highly polluted industry because lots of chemicals are used to produce pulp from wood material. Processing industry can be divided into raw substance processing like timber-yard, chemical recovery, products, fiber line, paper production, recycling and bleaching. During its manufacture, wastes like fluid and hard material, waste water, and polluted air productions are unavoidable. These waste materials create environmental pollution. Proper waste management system is essential to reduce the environmental issues.
The pulp and paper industry is also remarkable in power consumption, and it nearly takes ninety percentages of the fuel energy consumed by the jungle products industry. Although in the previous years, pulp and paper mill has made great struggles to decrease greenhouse gas productions, it is still one of the major creators of greenhouse gas.
Normally paper mill requires between five hundred and two thousand kilo watt electricity per ton paper. Because of its large power consumption, paper mill has to turn to steam and electricity in the place of fuel and oil. Usually power conception in a pulp industry is basically self-sufficient for most of its processing and production is finished mostly with the help of chemical substances. Paper factory are always built in rural area far from town centers. As mentioned above, presently pulp and paper industry take bad paper as a raw material in order to reduce production cost, power consumption and shipping cost.
Further post will provide some tips to proper waste management.